New Mexico State Symbols

For our guests who want to know information about our state:

The New Mexico State Flag was designed by Dr. Harry Mera, a Santa Fe physician and archeologist. The design features an interpretation of an ancient symbol of the sun as found on a late 19th century water jar from Zia Pueblo. The red symbol, called a “Zia” is centered on a yellow flag.

Four is the sacred number of the Zia and can be found repeated in the four points radiating from the circle. The number four is in the four points of the compass, North, East, South, and West; in the four seasons of the year Spring, Summer, fall, and Winter;, in the 24 hours of each day by sunrise, noon, evening, and night; four seasons of life; childhood, youth, adulthood, and old age. The Zia also believed that with life came 4 obligations: development of a a strong body, a clear mind, a pure spirit, and a devotion to the welfare of family/people.  The red and yellow colors are he colors of Isabel of Castilla brought to the continent by the Spanish Conquistadors.


New Mexico State Bird Roadrunner or Chaparal Bird
New Mexico State Flower Yucca Flower
New Mexico State Tree Pinon Tree
New Mexico Sate Fish Cutthroat Trout
New Mexico State Animal Black Bear
New Mexico Sate Vegetables Chile & Pinto Bean
New Mexico State Gem Turquoise
New Mexico State Grass Blue Grama Grass
New Mexico State Fossil Coelophysis
New Mexico Sate Cookie Bizcochito
New Mexico Sate Insect Tarantula Hawk Wasp
New Mexico State Question Red or Green?
New Mexico State Nickname Land Of Enchantment
New Mexico State Butterfly Sandia Hairstreak Butterfly
New Mexico State Reptile Whiptail Lizard
New Mexico State Amphibian Spadefoot Toad